Author : U.F.Hutchinson … [et al.].

Source : Journal of Food Science 84(3)2019:572-579

Abstract : Balsamic‐styled vinegar is a nutraceutical product obtained from a two‐stage fermentation process of grape must. However, little is known about how fermentation conditions affect growth kinetics, bio‐product development, population dynamics and the final product quality. As a result, the current study investigated the effect of fermentation temperature and inoculation strategy on the fermentation dynamics of Balsamic‐styled vinegar production. A microbial consortium of non‐Saccharomyces yeasts (n = 13) and acetic acid bacteria (n = 5) was tested at various fermentation temperatures (22 °C, 28 °C and a fluctuating temperature regimen). Different inoculation strategies (co‐inoculation and sequential inoculation) were investigated, and population dynamics of the product selected due to a rapid fermentation period were confirmed using a 16S and 18S gene sequencing. A higher fermentation temperature (28 °C) and co‐inoculation strategy resulted in a shorter fermentation cycle, whilst the desired acetic acid concentration of 60 g/L was achieved within 38 days. 16S and 18S gene sequencing showed that 50.84% of Acetobacter species were abundant at the end of the fermentation cycle, while 40.18% bacteria were unculturable. The study provides a better understanding of how fermentation temperature and inoculation strategy affect the fermentation period, population dynamics and the growth kinetics of the microbial consortium during the production of Balsamic‐styled vinegar.

Subject : Acetic acid bacteria. Balsamic-styled vinegar. Sequential inoculation. Yeasts.